United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) entered into force in 1994,aimed at reducing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. All the signatory member states to the convention attend the Conference of Parties (COP) every year. This year, the 23 rd session of the UN Climate Change Conference (COP23) is being organized from 6-17 th , November, 2017 in Bonn,Germany and will be presided over by the Government of Fiji.During the COP, people especially youths around the globe try to pressurize the world leaders by demonstrating different activities, awareness programs and campaigns. Youths across the world observe the Global Day of Action on the first Saturday during the COP. On the occasion of Global Day of Action, 2017, Nepalese Youth for Climate Action (NYCA) together with Clean Energy Nepal (CEN) organized “COP23 Ground Action Event” supported by Plan International. This year, the Global Day of Action was observed on 11 th November, 2017. About 500 viewer viewed the event .Event highlighted climate change impacts in different sectors of the environment, the role of individual efforts to combat climate change, impact on children .NYCA successfully organized ground action events to aware and empower youths and pressurize stakeholders and policy makers to take actions. These activities was instrumental in bringing Nepalese youths together to discuss on climate change and sustainable development issues, sensitize them for climate action and collectively push local and central governments to mainstream climate change issuesin development process.
On Nov 2,2017 As the part of precop NYCA-Nepalese Youth for Climate Action organized the Discussion series with Mr.Rajan Thapa program manager from Clean Energy Nepal (One of the delegate from Nepal for COP 23) in the presence of youth from different institution .
The main objective of the program was to make the youth familiar with the COP(conference of parties) ,negotiations and focus agenda from Nepal for COP23.
On October 10 and 15,2017 Nepalese Youth for climate Action-NYCA organized awareness program about the climate change by giving the presentation among 80 students of saraswoti secondary school ,Syangja and Shree janta higher secondary school, siraha(Golbazar) and orientation program with the teacher of the very school syangja was also succesfully conducted about the COP23 that is to be held in Bonn,Germany. Student as well as teacher were keen to learn about the topic;Climate change.
Nationwide Cleanup campaign is a community-based, environmental initiative that initiative that inspires and empowers communities to clean up, fix up and conserve their Environment.Nepalese Youth for climate Action( NYCA )have been organizing cleanup campaign every year. This year to NYCA together with the cleanup Nepal conducted the nationwide cleanup day on the September 16 th 2017.NYCA central team personally conducted cleanup from satdobato to lagankhel where as our regional chapters of Pokhara and Chitwan had also done their cleanup campaign respectively. Altogether 107 participants were participated and they had collected total kg of waste from their respective sites. The main objectives of cleanup program was to aware the community people about waste segregation, cleanliness and waste management.
Climate Finance is the amount of money flowing from Developed to Developing countries using different financial mechanisms and sources (e.g. bilateral, multilateral, dedicated climate funds, private).Green Climate Fund is financial mechanism established within United Nation Framework Convention on Climate change (UNFCCC) .It was established by 194 member countries at the 16th COP meeting in 2010 under Cancum Agreement. The main objective of establishment of Green Climate fund is to provide the fund for the developing or least developed nation to mitigate and adapt to the effect of climate Change. The Fund aims for a 50:50 balance between mitigation and adaptation over time.
Nepalese Youth for Climate Action together with Clean Energy Nepal (CEN) organized Green Discussion program on the topic to aware the youth about the background of climate finance on September 12 ,2017 ENPHO Hall, Thapagaon, Baneswor. Mr.Raju pandit chhetri from Prakriti resources centre presented the National and International policies about the Climate Finance. The presentation was type of open Discussion. He stated that the developing countries like our country Nepal contribute low Carbon Emission i.e. 0.027% but the effect is more so the developed countries which emit more carbon must provide the climate fund as the compensation to combact/tackle the effect of climate change. He Highlighted that Nepal is focusing more on the Adaptation but most give equally the priority to mitigation as well though climate change is not because of us. It is duty of developed nation to provide Green climate fund as it is internationally agreed support.
.He also mentioned that the imja Glacier which was in the High risk of outburst was solved by the Fund that we receive as Green Climate Fund. We get support from different Developed countries and International organization. He also expressed that we are always relying more on international fund instead of that we should utilize the national budget in right way .After giving the overall overview he also stated his opinion that when the car spill the water on you on your way you get so much aggressive but not in that much in the case when the vehicles throw the black smoke which is more harmful .various queries like where does Green climate fund comes from, on what basis the fund investment area are selected ,who is responsible for managing the funds, how can we know about this kind of fund that Nepal receive were raised by the participants and all the queries were addressed by the Mr.Raju pandit chhetri.He concluded his discussion with the conclusion remark that instead of relying on other nation for fund we must be able to utilize the budget /money that is within the country.
Over 50 participants from different institutions and organizations attended the Green Discussion series.
In recent year, short lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) have been found to be a major climate force after carbon dioxide (CO2). It has been suggested that to remain under the target of 20C by 2100,It is essential to reduce SLCPs along with CO2 . Studies show that glaciers in the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region have been diminishing due to the impacts pollutants like SLCPS in addition to Green house gases (GHGs). NEPAL,one of the countries in the HKH Region,is also greatly affected.In this regard, Nepalese Youth for Climate Action together with Clean Energy Nepal organized Green Discussion on the topic “Mitigating the impacts of air pollutants in Nepal and its co-benefits : A scenario based approach” with the objective to make the youth familiar and understand the impacts of air pollutants like Short Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCPs) and its mitigation measures in Nepal on August 23rd 2017 at ENPHO hall, Thapagaon, Baneswor . Resource person professor Dr. Amrit man Nakarmi initiated the presentation with the introduction of SLCPs to the participants. Giving the overview of energy sector in Nepal, he informed that Nepal ranks 123 out of 125 nations in energy trilemma index which indicates the critical condition of Nepal in terms of energy security due to high dependency on imported fossil fuel. He remarked that Nepal should focus on production and utilization of hydroelectricity for energy security as well as for the sustainable development of the nations. He further presented on the scenario analysis of the energy sectors, associated emissions and its impacts at reference and policy scenario which was analyzed by using an energy mixed model called LEAP-IBC (Long Range Energy Alternatives Planning system)- Integrated Benfits Calculator. Briefing about the policy intervention at energy and non-energy sector, he presented the analysis of energy demand, overall scenario result including emission and its impacts at both the scenarios. In addition, he shared the analysis of impact indicators like P.M 2.5 concentration, deaths, crop yield and temperature change. In all the cases, policy scenario had better results than reference scenario, so, mitigation policies should be effectively implemented, he emphasized. As a concluding remark he highlighted that anthropogenic activities are causing adverse impact on environment for which strategic sustainable options should be implemented along with the stringent national policy and institutional set up.
The presentation was followed by open discussion during which various queries like role of youths in mitigation of SLCPs, process of generation of clean energy in Nepal were raised by the participants. Addressing all the queried of the participants, he suggested that youths are the agents of change and they should actively involve for the betterment of environment through their knowledge and actions. Over 50 participants from various institutions and academic background participated the program.
Respected Professor Dr. Amrit Man Nakarmi sir gave the presentation on the topic among 50 participants from different affiliation.Objective of program was to provide basic idea to mitigate impact of air pollutants and scenario based approaches at national level,Regional scenario,National satus,Energy overview,Impact assesment.Energy production nationally generate income in the country was one of the concluding remarks.
Mr.Dipesh chapagain ,Research Analytic at Climate Analytic,Berlin Germany gave presentation on among 40participants from different colleges.Objective of the program was to make participants understand about basic concept of Adaptation cost in developing and developed countries.Adaptation cost function in the research was a mathemantical function that explained and quantifies how the climatic and socio-economic factor determine future Adaptation cost.
The Government of Nepal endorsed the Environment Friendly Local Governance (EFLG) Framework on October 9 2013. The objective of the EFLG Framework was to mainstream pro-poor, inclusive, and gender responsive environmental, climate change, and disaster risk reduction criteria into local government policies, plans, systems, structures, mechanisms and working procedures. Based on the EFLG Framework, the Ministry of Federal Affair and Local Development (MoFALD) developed Environment Friendly Local Governance Programme (EFLGP) in order to restore the deteriorated environment and safeguard the poor and vulnerable people from the climate change and related risks.
Nepalese Youth for Climate Action (NYCA) together with Clean Energy Nepal organized this discussion program with the aim to aware and empower the youth from different background on EFLG Framework, its implementation and possible way forward in federal structure on 14th July 2017 at ENPHO Hall, Thapagaon, Baneshwor. Ms. Ramila Bhandari from MoFALD as a resource person initiated her presentation with a brief highlight on “EFLG Framework and its relation to constitution of Nepal, 2015”. Giving the short overview and background about the planning process and formation of EFLG framework, she shared the vision of the EFLG framework as to establish environmental governance and create a sustainable environment-friendly society. She highlighted the importance of the framework from household level to village and municipality levels. She explained the broader objective, expected result and the indicators of the framework in brief. She informed that there were 344 indicators that were used to assess the progress of local bodies towards EFLG status at household, settlement, wards, rural/municipality and public offices. Continuing her presentation she further clarified about the coordination mechanism and implementation strategy of EFLG framework and linked it with the EFLG Programme which was developed by MoFALD based on the EFLG frame work. The EFLG Programme was designed to combat with the impacts of climate change& disaster and conserve the environment aiming to build climate resilient society and restore the deteriorating environment ultimately leading to decrease in poverty, she added. She also shared that EFLGP was implemented in 14 Districts, 54 Municipalities and 60 Village Development Committees under broader Local Governance and Community Development Program (LGCDP) as a pilot project since December 2014. She also presented on the EFLGP planning process, coming fiscal year plans and budget allocation, achievements, challenges, opportunities and ways ahead for the implementation of EFLGP in federal structure. The presentation was followed by discussion program. Various queries like how does EFLGP helps to vulnerable people, why is it implemented in few districts only, role of EFLG in human wildlife conflict management etc were raised by the participants during the discussion program. All such queries were addressed by Ms. Bhandari and suggested the youths to follow the norms of EFLGP and begin from their home and community to make them environment friendly.
Over 40 participants from different academic institutions and organizations attended the program.
Ms.Ramila bhandari from MOFALD gave presentation on the topic among 45 participants from different colleges. The objective of the program was to make participants understand about basic concept of EFLG, how it is implemented in different districts, its expected outcomes and challenges during implementation.
The program is implemented in 14 Districts, 54 Municipalities and 60 Village Development Committees under broader Local Governance and Community Development Program Framework since December 2014. The programme is financially supported by Department of International Development (DFID).