For many years, Kathmandu valley has faced high number of immigrants from rural areas. As per the latest census carried out in 2011, Kathmandu valley was home to 2.5 million people and Kathmandu district is the most rapidly growing district in the country. Over one million people live in Kathmandu Metropolitan City (KMC) while the rest reside in the 4 other municipalities and some VDCs. Uncontrolled and rapid urbanization of the valley has resulted in an increase in environmental problems, ground water scarcity, waste and water management problem as well as rapid decrease in agriculture land. Loss of these farming areas that traditionally provided Kathmandu City with rice, grains, poultry and dairy products has made it more vulnerable to disruptions in the food supply. The city now has to depend either on the produce from rural areas or import from India and China. The only major access road to Kathmandu is sometimes blocked due to landslides resulting in the fluctuation of vegetable prices. At the same time it is highly likely that the changing climate will increase the frequency of natural disasters. Protection and preservation of the remaining peri urban and rural agriculture land is deemed necessary if Kathmandu wants to reduce reliance of food. In addition, using built-up spaces specifically roof tops to grow food in the city areas, could provide a viable alternative to supplement the supply of vegetables.
Intensive rooftop farming might help the families to become self sufficient in vegetables and herbs and potentially sell some produce surplus, at least in some seasons. Roof top farming may thus positively contribute to increase diversification of food and income sources and reduced vulnerability to food price hike and economic crisis. It is possible that roof top farming may have positive impacts on ambient and home temperatures, reducing both heating and cooling requirements and thus save costs; improve aesthetic value and air quality.
In this context, Nepalese Youth for Climate Action (NYCA) together with ENPHO and CEN under Youth entrepreneurship Development program is organizing four day training on the waste and water management and roof top farming. The main objective of this training is to provide hands on training on rooftop farming techniques vital for roof top farming. The specific objectives of the training are as follows:
- To give knowledge on roof top farming technology, along with water and waste management at household level.
- To produce skilled youth and women group technician on rooftop farming technology along with waste management