In recent year, short lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) have been found to be a major climate force after carbon dioxide (CO2). It has been suggested that to remain under the target of 20C by 2100,It is essential to reduce SLCPs along with CO2 . Studies show that glaciers in the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region have been diminishing due to the impacts pollutants like SLCPS in addition to Green house gases (GHGs). NEPAL,one of the countries in the HKH Region,is also greatly affected.In this regard, Nepalese Youth for Climate Action together with Clean Energy Nepal organized Green Discussion on the topic “Mitigating the impacts of air pollutants in Nepal and its co-benefits : A scenario based approach” with the objective to make the youth familiar and understand the impacts of air pollutants like Short Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCPs) and its mitigation measures in Nepal on August 23rd 2017 at ENPHO hall, Thapagaon, Baneswor . Resource person professor Dr. Amrit man Nakarmi initiated the presentation with the introduction of SLCPs to the participants. Giving the overview of energy sector in Nepal, he informed that Nepal ranks 123 out of 125 nations in energy trilemma index which indicates the critical condition of Nepal in terms of energy security due to high dependency on imported fossil fuel. He remarked that Nepal should focus on production and utilization of hydroelectricity for energy security as well as for the sustainable development of the nations. He further presented on the scenario analysis of the energy sectors, associated emissions and its impacts at reference and policy scenario which was analyzed by using an energy mixed model called LEAP-IBC (Long Range Energy Alternatives Planning system)- Integrated Benfits Calculator. Briefing about the policy intervention at energy and non-energy sector, he presented the analysis of energy demand, overall scenario result including emission and its impacts at both the scenarios. In addition, he shared the analysis of impact indicators like P.M 2.5 concentration, deaths, crop yield and temperature change. In all the cases, policy scenario had better results than reference scenario, so, mitigation policies should be effectively implemented, he emphasized. As a concluding remark he highlighted that anthropogenic activities are causing adverse impact on environment for which strategic sustainable options should be implemented along with the stringent national policy and institutional set up.
The presentation was followed by open discussion during which various queries like role of youths in mitigation of SLCPs, process of generation of clean energy in Nepal were raised by the participants. Addressing all the queried of the participants, he suggested that youths are the agents of change and they should actively involve for the betterment of environment through their knowledge and actions. Over 50 participants from various institutions and academic background participated the program.
The Government of Nepal endorsed the Environment Friendly Local Governance (EFLG) Framework on October 9 2013. The objective of the EFLG Framework was to mainstream pro-poor, inclusive, and gender responsive environmental, climate change, and disaster risk reduction criteria into local government policies, plans, systems, structures, mechanisms and working procedures. Based on the EFLG Framework, the Ministry of Federal Affair and Local Development (MoFALD) developed Environment Friendly Local Governance Programme (EFLGP) in order to restore the deteriorated environment and safeguard the poor and vulnerable people from the climate change and related risks.
Nepalese Youth for Climate Action (NYCA) together with Clean Energy Nepal organized this discussion program with the aim to aware and empower the youth from different background on EFLG Framework, its implementation and possible way forward in federal structure on 14th July 2017 at ENPHO Hall, Thapagaon, Baneshwor. Ms. Ramila Bhandari from MoFALD as a resource person initiated her presentation with a brief highlight on “EFLG Framework and its relation to constitution of Nepal, 2015”. Giving the short overview and background about the planning process and formation of EFLG framework, she shared the vision of the EFLG framework as to establish environmental governance and create a sustainable environment-friendly society. She highlighted the importance of the framework from household level to village and municipality levels. She explained the broader objective, expected result and the indicators of the framework in brief. She informed that there were 344 indicators that were used to assess the progress of local bodies towards EFLG status at household, settlement, wards, rural/municipality and public offices. Continuing her presentation she further clarified about the coordination mechanism and implementation strategy of EFLG framework and linked it with the EFLG Programme which was developed by MoFALD based on the EFLG frame work. The EFLG Programme was designed to combat with the impacts of climate change& disaster and conserve the environment aiming to build climate resilient society and restore the deteriorating environment ultimately leading to decrease in poverty, she added. She also shared that EFLGP was implemented in 14 Districts, 54 Municipalities and 60 Village Development Committees under broader Local Governance and Community Development Program (LGCDP) as a pilot project since December 2014. She also presented on the EFLGP planning process, coming fiscal year plans and budget allocation, achievements, challenges, opportunities and ways ahead for the implementation of EFLGP in federal structure. The presentation was followed by discussion program. Various queries like how does EFLGP helps to vulnerable people, why is it implemented in few districts only, role of EFLG in human wildlife conflict management etc were raised by the participants during the discussion program. All such queries were addressed by Ms. Bhandari and suggested the youths to follow the norms of EFLGP and begin from their home and community to make them environment friendly.
Over 40 participants from different academic institutions and organizations attended the program.