GREEN DISCUSSSION ON: “MITIGATING THE IMPACTS OF AIR POLLUTANTS IN NEPAL AND ITS CO-BENEFITS: A SCENARIO BASED APPROACH”.

In recent year, short lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) have been found to be a major climate force after carbon dioxide (CO2). It has been suggested that to remain under the target of 20C by 2100,It is essenti21077365_10154912585257934_3431340641398050466_nal to reduce SLCPs along with CO2 . Studies show that glaciers in the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region have been diminishing due to the impacts pollutants like SLCPS in addition to Green house gases (GHGs). NEPAL,one of the countries in the HKH Region,is also greatly affected.In this regard, Nepalese Youth for Climate Action together with Clean Energy Nepal organized Green Discussion on the topic “Mitigating the impacts of air pollutants in Nepal and its co-benefits : A scenario based approach” with the objective to  make the youth familiar and understand the impacts of air pollutants like Short Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCPs) and its mitigation measures in Nepal on August 23rd 2017 at ENPHO hall, Thapagaon, Baneswor . Resource person professor Dr. Amrit man Nakarmi initiated the presentation with the introduction of SLCPs to the participants.  Giving the overview of energy sector in Nepal, he informed that Nepal ranks 123 out of 125 nations in energy trilemma index which indicates the critical condition of Nepal in terms of energy security due to high dependency on imported fossil fuel. He remarked that Nepal should focus on production and utilization of hydroelectricity for energy security as well as for the sustainable development of the nations. He further presented on the scenario analysis of the energy sectors, associated emissions and its impacts at reference and policy scenario which was analyzed  by using an energy mixed model called LEAP-IBC (Long Range Energy Alternatives Planning system)- Integrated Benfits Calculator. Briefing about the policy intervention at energy and non-energy sector, he presented the analysis of energy demand, overall scenario result including emission and its impacts at both the scenarios. In addition, he shared the analysis of impact indicators like P.M 2.5 concentration, deaths, crop yield and temperature change.  In all the cases, policy scenario had better results than reference scenario, so, mitigation policies should be effectively implemented, he emphasized. As a concluding remark he highlighted that anthropogenic activities are causing adverse impact on environment for which strategic sustainable options should be implemented along with the stringent national policy and institutional set up.

The presentation was followed by open discussion during which various queries like role of youths in mitigation of SLCPs, process of generation of clean energy in Nepal were raised by the participants. Addressing all the queried of the participants, he suggested that youths are the agents of change and they should actively involve for the betterment of environment through their knowledge and actions. Over 50 participants from various institutions and academic background participated the program.